These photos are from around 2004 when I was teaching at Emily Carr in Vancouver, Canada. Students chose from a selection of quotes on typography and asked to typographically articulate them using different technologies: handwriting, typewriting, stencils, dry transfer lettering, computer. They first used them separately and later combined them. They were asked to examine the resources available in each technology for differentiating text, and of course acknowledging the constraints. From the hacking of the quote they created a small saddle stitched ‘manifesto’ of sorts, quarter legal size, saddle stitched, photocopied.